Sunday, February 4, 2024

Gibsons Virginia to South Carolina

Gibson, Gideon, Unrecorded Plat For Land Not Granted, 250 Acres On Little Charros, Craven County, Surveyed By Robert Moran. Date: 4/12/1736  [The Land Gideon never claimed]
People in this record:
Gibson, Gideon
Also: Moran, Robert
Places in this record:
Craven County; Little Charros
Topics in this record:
Record details:
Date: 4/12/1736
Series: Unrecorded Plats for Land Not Granted (S213197)
Document Type: Plat
Images: Available at SCDAH building or by order. See How to search menu.


Laroche, Stephen Dyer, Plat For 250 Acres In Craven County. Date: 8/1/1770
Click for images
People in this record:
Gibson, Gibeon
Also: Bremar, John; Glourley, Joseph; Laroche, Stephen Dyer; Swint, Dr.; White, William
Places in this record:
Black Creek; Black Swamp; Craven County
Topics in this record:
Record details:
Date: 8/1/1770
Series: Colonial Plat Books (Copy Series) (S213184)
Document Type: Plat
Archives ID: Series: S213197 Box: 0004 Item: 01144 ignore: 000


White, Reuben, Unrecorded Plat For Land Not Granted, 100 Acres On Back Swamp, Craven County, Surveyed By Thomas Powe. Date: 6/1/1772
People in this record:
Gibson, Gibbeon
Also: Karwan, Thomas; Murfee, Malakiah; Powe, Thomas; White, Reuben
Places in this record:
Back Swamp; Craven County
Topics in this record:
Record details:
Date: 6/1/1772
Series: Unrecorded Plats for Land Not Granted (S213197)
Document Type: Plat
Images: Available at SCDAH building or by order. See How to search menu.
Archives ID: Series: S213197 Box: 0004 Item: 01144 ignore: 000


Hitchcock, John, Plat For 151 Acres In Craven County. Date: 6/6/1773
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People in this record:
Gibson, Gedion
Also: Bremar, John; Harrison, James; Hitchcock, John; Loveless, John; Murphy, James; Salure, Abram; White, Reuben
Places in this record:
Craven County; Pee Dee River
Topics in this record:
Record details:
Date: 6/6/1773

Pendergrass, Darby, Plat For 400 Acres In Craven County. Date: 3/24/1775
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People in this record:
Gibson, Gieon
Also: Bremar, John; Gibson, Jordan Jr.; Loveless, John; Murphy, Malachi; Pendergrass, Darby; Sanders, James; Sanders, Nathaniel
Places in this record:
Craven County; Pee Dee River
Topics in this record:
Record details:
Date: 3/24/1775
Series: Colonial Plat Books (Copy Series) (S213184)
Document Type: Plat
Images: Online




Queensborough Township was established and first settled by Scots-Irish and Welsh from Pennsylvania and Delaware in 1735. It was located on the west side of the Great Pee Dee River in what are the present-day counties of Florence and Marion. Most of the Welsh ended up living in the adjacent Welsh Tract - also established during the 1730 Township Act - and few remained in the Queensborough Township. Situated on fairly poor soil compared to the Welsh Tract, Queensborough never really took off. The few Scots-Irish that had settled the area simply spread out and drifted away in search of better lands.

King, Elizabeth, Memorial For 250 Acres On Pee Dee River, Queensborough Township. Date: 12/20/1760

People in this record:

Gibson, Gideon; King, Elizabeth; Lamboll, Thomas

Places in this record:

Pee Dee River; Queensboro Township - WELSH TRACT 

Topics in this record:

Record details:

Date: 12/20/1760

Series: Memorial books (Copy Series) (S111001)

Document Type: Memorial

Images: Available at SCDAH building or by order. See How to search menu.


Archives ID: Series: S111001 Volume: 0007 Page: 00337 Item: 002

Smart, John, Lessee Of Gideon Gibson Vs Thomas Long, Casual Ejector, And Ann Atkin, Defendant, Judgment Roll. Date: 1763

People in this record:

Atkin, Ann; Gibson, Gideon

Places in this record:

Topics in this record:

Record details:

Date: 1763

12 Nov 1747
Gideon Gibson had a Warrant for abt 650ac in the Welsh tract and settled it abt 15 years ago and kept it as a cowpen with a servant on it for about two years & paid tax for same, being the Plantation now of Colonel Pawley’s and delivered up being in the Welch tract. And has since settled at a place called Persimon Grove and has nine persons in family to wit - wife, 7 children and one negro for which your Pet’r never had any land but as above expressed, your pet’r prays to order a warrant to run out the land for himself and family and that he may have grants for same. Sig: Gideon (his mark) Gibson. Prayer granted. Ordered that the Deputy Secretary prepare a Warrant for 450ac. [Page 54: Petitions for Land from SC Council Journals, Vol I 1734/5-1748, Brent H. Holcomb, SCMAR, Columbia, SC, 1996, p 297]


G. Lloyd Johnson

The Regulator Movement is Johnson's Topic at Workshop

Campbell University News Release
Bulletin 0203, 07/19/04

Dr. Lloyd Johnson, associate professor of history at Campbell University, presented a paper on the role of Gideon Gibson, a colonial person of color, in the Regulator Movement in South Carolina during the 18th century. It further explained why Gibson's race was not a factor regarding social position in the Welsh Tract in the South Carolina backcountry where he lived.


On the 9th instant I set out with Mr Pinckney for Mars-Bluff and reached Lynch's creek 

It appeared to us by all accounts that Gibson was guarded by a large body of men. 

The next bluff near the present railroad crossing called Sandy Bluff attracted a number of enterprising settlers that were to figure largely in the development of the country.  John Crawford, William George and John Sanders, Gideon Gibson and J. Keighly.  Rev Turbefield was also present in the community. 

As they passed by the mouth of Black Creek, ten miles about Mars Bluff they found large tracts-- 

On Black Creek Malachi Murphy, John McIver, Thomas Freemans, Abraham Paul... 

On Red Bluff three miles below Cashaway John Moiden Daniel Mooney, at Beauty Spot James Law, Anthony Simmons, and Gideon Gibson; on Duck Pond and John Hitchcock on Mars Bluff.  

“History of the Old Cheraws”

Chapter IV

…The other settlement referred to was made at a point on the east bank of the river, called Sandy Bluff, two and a half miles above Mars Bluff… The families of CRAWFORD, SAUNDERS, MURFEE, Crosby, Keighly, Berry, and shortly after the GIBSON’S, made up this community…



Further research revealed a number of Chickasaw Indian traders lived along the Pee Dee River during the “off-season” at a settlement called Sandy Bluff (in present day Marion County, South Carolina). According to Harvey Toliver COOK, several North Carolina and Virginia “squatters” had lived at Sandy Bluff since the early 1730s and a substantial community had evolved by 1734.(22)

James Adair was first a Cherokee Trader then Chickasaw lived with them for decades, good friend of Gibeon Gibson, daughter Agnes married to John Gibson, son of Gibeon. 
When the Gibeon Gibson family left the Pee Dee they lived along the Natchez Trace, Chickasaw Country, Samuel Gibson, son of Roger Gibson was founder of Port Gibson. [Chickasaw and Choctaw were 'brothers' - Chief Elah Tubbee aka Chief Thomas Gibson was Chief at Six Towns in 1812, signed the Dancing Rabbit Treat.  

Gibsons from Virginia to South Carolina 

Gideon and Jordan Gibson - Pee Dee

Daniel at Fort Congaree - Two Johns?  One is father of Gilbert Gibson

Roger - Luke and Susannah Gibson  nephew of Anthony Wright.  


Thursday, December 21, 2023

Melungeons in the Beginning

This is from an email to Don Collins who had received his Y DNA Report some 12 years ago. At the time it was said he was related to the BUNCH family by DNA but he had said his results showed he more closely matched a NICHOLS FAMILY. This is my research from 2011 -- the blue print is research I found later. TOBIAS HORTON

His name was usually entered in the records as Toby
Horton. He was living in Lancaster Co.,by 3-16-1653
as the following can be found: 1,095 lbs.tobacco to be paid at his house next Oct. by Thomas Seamor to Thomas Carter.
10-24-1653 Tobias Horton to pay 3 tythes to Rowland Lawson.
6-6-1654 In regard to his lending guns to Indians. A report on this to be made to next court by Henry Rye, John Bunch and William Harper.
8-7-1654 Case against him on behalf of the Lord Protector referred to.
10-6-1654 Fined 2,000 lbs.tobacco for lending a gun to the Indians. William Harper who informed against him to have 1,000 lbs.tobacco.
[John Bunch was given a court order dated June 6, 1654, requiring him to show evidence of a Mr. Toby Horton loaning guns to Indians. He failed to appear and was fined 200 pounds of tobacco -

TobyTobias Horton lived on Corotomon - Haddaway - Creek .. his daughter Rebecca married [for a 3rd husband] EDWARD GIBSON.


Tobias was a surveyor, a wealthy planter and prominent businessman. He owned large tracts of land called "Wetherby's Land" located on Corotoman and Haddaway Creeks. He bought 1,400 acres from Francis Morrison, which was originally owned by John Taylor I.

On October 10, 1654 Tobias Horton and wife Elizabeth hired Hugh Brent and Teague Floyne to make inventory of John Taylor's estate. It included "3 old Bibles and 70 other books", value of estate 9,590 pounds of tobacco. On July 1, 1659 Tobias Horton paid John Taylor's debt, 6,173 pounds. [Elizabeth was widow of John Taylor]

On November 12, 1662 Teague Carrell bound himself to Tobias Horton to pay 8,000 pounds tobacco at 1,500 pounds a year, for which Tobias sold him 100 acres of land between Tabbs and Nutypoyson Creeks. Elizabeth, wife of Tobias, asked her son-in-law Uriah Angell to acknowledge the sale.

At Lancaster Co. court on May 15, 1663 Elizabeth requested that cattle which belonged to John Taylor be given to his orphans.

Haddaway Creek where Tobias Horton, Sr. owned land was named by Thomas Gaskin Abraham Moore and Rowland Haddaway when they explored the area January 21, 1659, intending to take up land. They found Indian cabins on it. Corotoman Creek issued out of Fleets Bay and Tobias owned land on its banks. The Indian town of Wiccomoco was located on the southside of Corotoman."

I John Nicholls of Lancaster do owe & am indebted unto John Carter or his assignes the full sum of Three thousand fifty & nine pounds of good tob: & Ca: to be paid in October next as Witnes this 12th of March 1654. Witnes Charles Kinge, Richard Flower, John Nicholls, p. sign, Record 15d Nov: 1657, p. Edw: Dale, cl cur. (Ruth and Sam Sparacio, joint editors, Virginia County Court Records: Deed & Will Abstracts of Lancaster County, Virginia, 1654-1661. McLean, VA: Antient Press, c. 1991, p. 71)
It is worth noting that in 1661/62 a John Nichols sold "above 900 acres to John Edwards of Lanc. Co., cooper. Dated 11 Jan 1661/62. Signed John Nichols. Wit: George Flower, Mary Flower. Recorded 1st June 1662." (Virginia Colonial Abstracts, Vol 1, Lancaster County Record Book No. 2, 1654-1666. online database,, Virginia Colonial Records, 1600's-1700's, p. 138 of original) So perhaps Richard is a brother or other relative of John and George.
GEORGE FLOWER being sike in body but sound & p:fecte in memory doe make this my last Will & Testamt., I give & bequeath my Soule into ye hands of ye Almighty God that gave itt, my body to ye Earth to be interred wth: decent & Christian like burriall att ye discretion of my Executrix hereafter named and my temporall Estate as followeth:

It. I give unto my Son, George, and his heyrs, lawfully begotten all my lands, only ye one halfe thereof I give unto my Wife, Mary, during her naturall life, then to invest to my Son, George, & his heyrs as aforesd., but in case my Son, George, should die in his minority or afterwards wth:out issue, then I give my sd. Lands unto my Sisters Sonn, Jon: Tayloe & his heyrs, lawfully begotten & in case of his death without issue, then I give my sd. Land to his Sister, Mary Tayloe & her lawfull heyrs.
It. My wish is that their be noe wast made on my sd. Land neither in him her or otherwaies;

It. I give all my p:sonall Estate to my Wife, Mary, & to my Sone, George, to be equally devided between them, my debts being first pd. My desire is yt. My Son, George, be educated in learning out of my sd. Estate.
It. My will is yt. If in case yt. Above named should dye without issue I then give my sd. Land to Morris Jones, son of Mr. Robt. Jones, deced., & his lawfull heyrs.

It. My will is yt: my Wife, Mary, be ye Executrix of this my last Will & Testamt., I doe alsoe request & appoint Mr. John Pinkard & Mr. Wm. Jones to be ye Overseers of my sd. Will & to have ye Guardenship of my Son in case of ye death of his Mother in witt. Whereof I have hereunto sett my hand & seale this 27 day of 8br. In ye yeare of our Lord 1682.
Signed sealed & declared to be ye Last Will & Testamt. Of George Flower in ye presence of us: Tho: Lawrence, Tobias Horton, Jno: Dixson.

Probate Last Will & Testament in Cur. Com Lancaster decimo die Januarii. p. oaths of Tho. Lawrence, Tobias Horton & Jno. Dixson, and admitted to record. Teste Tho. Marshall, Cl Cur. Signed George Flower (It doesn't mention that the signature was "his mark," so I assume that the original bore his signature. Other Wills and documents in these records note if there was a mark, and show the mark itself) (Virginia County Court Records: Will Abstracts of Lancaster County, Virginia, 1675-1689, p. 57)


10th day of  (blank) 1703 Indenture between Edwd. Gibson of the Pish: of Xt. Church Lancaster, Gent. of ye one part and Robert Carter of ye said Pish of the other part; witness that ye dd. Edward Gibson for £1700 if sound merchantable sweet sented stem’d tobbo. Paid by the sd Carter hath granted unto ye sd Robert Carter his heirs & assigns forever all that tract of land situated in the aforesd Pish: containing at least 375ac being the Plantacon whereon the sd Edwd. Gibson now lives being bounded as follows, beginning at a corner Gum tree of John Kelleys standing at ye mouth of a small Cove which issues out of Tabbs Creek on ye SW side & thence down the Main Creek at several courses to ye mouth of a Creek which issues out of ye Main Creek which sd Creek parts this land from Bryan Grove’s land, thence up the sd Creek at sevll: courses to a corner pochiccory standing in ye sd Groves line at ye head of the sd Creek just by Nantepoyson Path, thence along ye sd line to a corner white Oak
 standing just by John Merris corer tree, thence along a line of marked trees SW by W to a corner white Oak standing on ye E most side of John Merris Road just by the Road side, thence along the sd Road at several courses to a corner white Oak standing by the Road side at a place called ye Gulph, thense by a line of new marked trees N by E to a corner Ash standing in ye Gum Swamp, thence by a line of new marked trees NE to a corner Gum tree standing by the edge of a Swamp in John Kelleys line, then along the sd Kelleys line of marked trees at several courses to ye Gum tree where it first began, which sd land is part of a dividend of 1200ac belonging to Tobias Horton and by him sold unto Teague Correll and descends from ye sd Teage unto Abraham Correll, his son & heir, by deed of Indenture … with all its rights houses gardens commodities & appurtenances whatsoever. To have and to hold unto ye sd Robert Carter his heirs & assigns …
Signed Sealed & delivered in the presence of us
John Babe, Edward (X) [fully encircled] Gibson

[On November 12, 1662 Teague Carrell bound himself to Tobias Horton to pay 8,000 pounds tobacco at 1,500 pounds a year, for which Tobias sold him 100 acres of land between Tabbs and Nutypoyson Creeks. Elizabeth, wife of Tobias, asked her son-in-law Uriah Angell to acknowledge the sale.] EDWARD GIBSON was not on the Living and Dead Census as he was tending the sick at Weyanoke [later called Westover from where Gibby Gibson wrote his will in 1727] Gibby and Hubbard both named a son EDWARD and a daughter MARY. Edward Gibson the younger appears in records of Lancaster Co., Virginia with John Bunch and Tobias Horton. George Gibson and Thomas Chavis are both on record in Lancaster County in mid 1650s before removing to Upper Chippoakes Creek in Charles City County. IMO George is the son of Edward and father of Gibby, and George is the father of John Gibson who is the father of Hubbard and John Gibson.

ROBERT KING CARTER Robert Carter was born about 1660 in Lancaster County, Virginia, son of John Carter. His son, John Carter married Elizabeth HILL, daughter of Edward Hill III who died in 1726, and his will bequeathed Shirley plantation to Elizabeth, who had married John Carter (eldest son of Robert "King" Carter) in October 1723. 
JANE GIBSON Testimony of Robert Wills 1790 In 1640 Jane Gibson, an Indian woman was born in Charles City County according to the deposition of Robert Wills, taken in 1790 at his home in Charles City County.  Testimony also shows Jane had a brother or a son named George Gibson, she possibly may have had both brother and son, and a daughter Jane Gibson.  Jane, the daughter, married to Morris Evans, their daughter and her descendants would become enslaved.  Thomas Gibson aka Mingo Jackson sued and won his freedom proving he descended from the Indian Jane Gibson.
Questions by the defendant.  How old were you when you were first acquainted with the elder Jane Gibson and George her brother?  
 Answer   I believe I was ten or eleven years old or thereabouts. 
Quest.  How old do you suppose they were and how long did they live afterwards? 
Answer.  Jane Gibson the elder was very old, I apprehend she was eighty years of age, [born about 1640] being past all labour - Mr. Carter my Master took her to live with him at Shirley where I then lived to brew a diet drink, he being afflicted with a dropsy - The old Jane Gibson I suppose might live two or three years. 


The minister of Blissland Parish in New Kent County refused to marry them because Bunch was a mulatto. The Councillors decided to refer the petition to Stevens Thompson, the Attorney General of Virginia, "to report his opinion whether the Petitioners case be within the intent of the Law to prevent Negroes & White Persons intermarrying." Thompson noted that there was some confusion as to whether or not a mulatto was to be treated the same as a negro in regard to the 1691 law prohibiting the marriage of a white person and a black person.

''ye issue of such mixtures, cannot resolve whether the issue begotten on a White woman by a Mulatto man can properly be called a Mulatto, that name as I conceive being only appropriated to the Child of a Negro man begotten upon a white woman, or by a white man upon a negro woman, and as I am told the issue of a Mulatto by or upon a white Person has another name viz that of, Mustee; ''

After mulling it over they decided;

October 1705-CHAP. IV
And for clearing all manner of doubts which hereafter may happen to arise upon the construction of this act, or any other act, who shall be accounted a mulatto,

Be it enacted and declared, and it is hereby enacted and declared, That the child of an Indian and the child, grand child, or great grand child, of a negro shall be deemed, accounted, held and taken to be a mulatto.

Source: Hening, ed., The Statutes at Large, vol. 3, pp. 250-251, 252.      By 1656 John Bunch had land on the Rickahock Path which led from New Kent County [old York] to the Pamunkey Fort Royal, a traders path. Thomas Gibson had land on this path as well, Thomas Gibsons records are in York Co., died in 1652, ancestor of Nicholas Gibson who inherited his father's land which was actually in New Kent Co at that time. Nicholas is then the father of Thomas Gibson died 1734 in New Kent Co., father of Valentine Gibson and does not share the same Y DNA as Melungeon Gibson line but is likely related.

Monday, October 23, 2023

Indians of Robeson County Part II



"An old Indian" George Lowery/Lowrie, made an address at the funeral [atteneded by whites and Indians] of his kinsmen killed by the Confederates in 1864. 

Quoted in Lost Colony of Roanoke by Hamilton McMillan, George Lowery said;

"We have always been the friends of the white men. We were a free people long before the white men came to our land.  Our tribe lived on Roanoke, in Virginia."

  • The 1646 act required Abraham Wood to keep 10 men at the old fort. It was, at the time, on the southwestern edge of colonial settlement in Virginia. Wood had few local customers, and ships sailing up the James River could load cargoes and sell their imported goods long before reaching the Fall Line on the Appomattox River. Wood himself had a plantation on Upper Chippokes Creek,

  • Indians on the Upper Chippokes Creek:

    William Knott, 312 Acres, Surry Co 28 Mar 1666, p. 482 (land patents). 112 acres on south side of James River on south side of Upper Chipoakes Creek, bounded NW on land of Edward Oliver, N upon Wm. Thomas, E on George Gibson [See Indian Jane Gibson of Charles City County]  SE on Mr. Fisher; 200 acres on south side of said River, Wly. on Jeremiah Clements, NW on Edward Oliver, Nly on Wm. Thomas, George Gibson & Edward Minter, Ely. on Wm. Gapins land & Mr. Thomas Busbie [Interpreter for the Crown] and SE on Mr. Richard Hill

The Quiyoughcohannock were one of the first Virginia Indian groups the English encountered in 1607 after landing at Jamestown. Situated primarily in present-day Surry County, the Quiyoughcohannocks had four villages in the region likely east of Upper Chippokes Creek  


The Expedition of Batts and Fallam: 
  • A Journey from Virginia to beyond the Appalachian Mountains, September, 1671

''Sept. 5. Just as we were ready to take horse and march from the Sapiny’s about seven of the clock in the Morning we heard some guns go off from the other side of the River. They were seven Apomatack Indians sent by Major General Wood to accompany us in our voyage. We hence sent back a horse belonging to Mr. Thomas Wood, which was hired, by a Portugal, belonging to Major General Wood, whom we here found. About eleven of the clock we set forward and that night came to the town of the Hanathaskies which we judge to be twenty five miles from the Sapenys, they are lying west and by north in an island on the Sapony River rich land. '

  • English explorer Edward Bland wrote in 1650 about the "Occononacheans and Nessoneicks" living on Roanoke River. The "Nessoneicks" were Saponi.[16] In 1670, John Lederer visited what he described as "Sapon, a Village of the Nahyssans," who were the Saponi.[16] Lederer wrote about the Saponi: "The nation is governed by an absolute Monarch; the People of a high stature, warlike and rich."[16]


  • In 1671 Thomas Batts and Robert Fallam led an expedition that passed through several Saponi villages. After their visit, the Saponi and Tutelo moved downriver and settled with Occaneechi people.  Wikipedia

"We have always been the friends of the white men. We were a free people long before the white men came to our land.  Our tribe lived on Roanoke, in Virginia."-George Lowery

Herbert 1725 Map
Saura/Cheraw Village on the Pee Dee
[Spenser Bolton born 1735 on the Pee Dee according to his 
Revolutionary Pension Application  -testimony proved they
were known as Portuguese and called Melungeons.]

Maps are Great!

Gibsons Virginia to South Carolina

Gibson, Gideon, Unrecorded Plat For Land Not Granted, 250 Acres On Little Charros, Craven County, Surveyed By Robert Moran. Date: 4/12/1736 ...